Temporary alternative duty jobs are assignments given to Employee(s) with WMSDs during the recovery period until the health care provider releases the employee from work restrictions.

Work practice controls are controls that reduce the likelihood of exposure to WMSD hazards through alteration of the manner in which a job or physical work activities are performed. Work practice controls also act on the source of the hazard. However, instead of physical changes to the workstation or equipment, the protection work practice controls provide is based upon the behavior of managers, supervisors and Employee(s) to follow proper work methods. Work practice controls include procedures for safe and proper work that are understood and followed by managers, supervisors and Employee(s). Examples of work practice controls for WMSD hazards include:

Work-related means: that the physical work activities or workplace conditions in the job are reasonably likely to be causing or contributing to a reported MSD. For this standard, an MSD is work-related if:

WMSD hazards are present in a job where an MSD has been reported; AND
The hazards are reasonably likely to cause or contribute to the type of MSD reported; AND

(3) A significant part of the employee's regular job duties involves exposure to these WMSD hazards (i.e., not incidental exposure). Work restrictions are any limitation placed on the manner in which an employee with an WMSD performs a job during the recovery period. Work restrictions include modifications and restrictions to the employee's current job, such as limiting or reducing the intensity or

duration of exposure; and reassignment to temporary alternative duty jobs. Work restrictions also include complete removal from the workplace.

WMSD hazards are workplace conditions or physical work activities that cause or are reasonably likely to cause or contribute to a WMSD.