LADDER SAFETY

Purpose:

Although SIGN DESIGN & FABRICATION, INC. does not use ladders on a regular basis in the plant this Standard is being adopted as ladders present unique opportunities for unsafe acts and unsafe conditions. Employee(s) who use ladders must be trained in proper selection, inspection, use and storage. Improper use of ladders has cause a large percentage of accidents in the workplace are of accidents. Use caution on ladders. OSHA reference: (29 CFR 1910.25, 1910.26, and 1910.27).

Hazards:

Falls are the primary hazard associated with the use of ladders. Falls result from a number of unsafe acts and conditions such as:

1) Ladders being set on unstable surfaces.

2) Personnel reaching too far out to the sides.

3) Personnel standing too high to maintain balance.

4) Personnel using defective ladders (e.g., broken rails, rungs, missing hardware).

These hazards are minimized if workers adhere to proper ladder safety practices and if supervisors ensure equipment is used, inspected, and maintained in good condition. Tasks which require frequent use of ladders and involve significant climbing effort must be accomplished by workers capable of the physical exertion required under these conditions.

Procurement:

Portable ladders procured for the Company shall meet the design and construction specification of OSHA 29 CFR 1910.25 for wood ladders and 29 CFR 1910.26 for metal ladders. Portable ladders constructed of reinforced plastic shall meet the specifications of ANSI A14.5-1974.

Requirements: The following requirements apply to all ladders as indicated, including job-made ladders.

(1) Ladders shall be capable of supporting the following loads without failure:

(i)
Each self-supporting portable ladder: At least four times the maximum intended load, except that each extra-heavy-duty type 1A metal or plastic ladder shall sustain at least 3.3 times the maximum intended load. The ability of a ladder to sustain the loads indicated in this paragraph shall be determined by applying or transmitting the requisite load to the ladder in a downward vertical direction.
(ii)
Each portable ladder that is not self-supporting: At least four times the maximum intended load, except that each extra-heavy- duty type 1A metal or plastic ladders shall sustain at least 3.3 times the maximum intended load. The ability of a ladder to sustain the loads indicated in this paragraph shall be determined by

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